Recovery of Wetlands in San Miguel del Tigre Colombia
The swamps of the Magdalena River are habitats for many species of birds, fish, and mammals. They regulate the hydrological cycle, control flooding, and form biological corridors. However, they are subject to an accelerated process of environmental degradation. Among others, the Antillean manatee, an aquatic mammal native to warm coastal area, is threatened with extinction.
The IKI Small Grants project aims to raise awareness, educate, and work with artisan farmers in the region to ecologically restore the El Tigre and El Totumo swamps. It wants to reduce the degradation and loss of connectivity between the manatee, jaguar and puma biological corridors, by implementing ecosystem clean-up days and conducting outreach and environmental education. The project aims to restore and maintain aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, promote the welfare and survival of local wildlife, and improve communal water management.
The Magdalena River swamps are threatened by an accelerated process of environmental degradation and pollution with sewage and solid waste, which makes it difficult to establish agricultural crops. Ordinarily, the swamps regulate the hydrological cycle, dampen and control floods and form biological corridors where many species live. Due to environmental degradation, the connectivity of the ecological corridors of the manatee, jaguar and puma in the wetlands has been lost, threatening the species with extinction.
The regional communities live on traditional economic activities, such as livestock, fishing, or work in the oil industry. In many cases, these activities are not sufficient to generate enough income to families and do not allow for adequate care of nature. Furthermore, rural inhabitants do not have enough access to information, trainings, or technologies to make sustainable economic use of the biodiversity resources.
The project targets farmers and artisanal fishermen from the San Miguel del Tigre (municipality of Yondó). 70 families from the Fishermen’s and Agroambiental Association and 2 environmental groups, to ecologically restore the swamps and wetlands.
VIDEOS FROM THE PROJECT
APPROACH AND ACTIVITIES
The project conserves and restores wetlands, which improve water regulation and reduce destructive impacts on strategic ecosystems such as forests and marshes that make up the habitat of the Manatee, Puma and Jaguar. It empowers the target groups to help increasing the vegetation cover, stop the subsistence of agricultural frontiers, maintain or improve water resources, and stop or reduce the erosive processes caused by the degradation of ecosystems. The project also improves fishing activities, which has a direct positive impact for local fishermen and the local economy. It uses a participatory approach for ecological restoration of the ecosystems. The target groups are engaged in evaluating the current situation of biodiversity in the region and in cleaning swamps and planting indigenous trees and shrubs.
Project activities include:
Farmers training in sustainable livestock and agricultural practices. This includes knowledge to avoid negative impacts generated by the extension of the agricultural and livestock borders towards the water mirrors of the area
- Instruction, training and strengthening watch groups for monitoring and controlling the natural state of the ecosystem
- Performing maintenance and cleaning work in defined places
- Conversion of plant waste into compost
- Analysis of the state of deforestation and desiccation in the area and the definition of grounds and zones for reforestation
- Native trees and species are planted with the support of voluntary community work.
LATEST PROJECT HIGHLIGHTS AND IMPACTS
- Project finalised.
- Cleaning and maintenance of 4.3 kilometres of water ways in El Tigre and El Totumo wetlands, involving active participation of local communities
- Building of 2 biodigester bales with a storage capacity of 27 cubic meters and usage of removed invasive species as compost in local nursery
- Reforestation of 12 hectares of wetlands with native tree species
- Installation of 7 photo traps for monitoring of species in the wetlands
- Awareness raising and training campaigns for 3 local communities
- Celebration of the International Manatee Day (Sep 2022), organization of a biodiversity Fair
IKI Small Grants supports Fundación Con Vida in their organisational capacity development through context-tailored trainings in monitoring and evaluation, as well as an English language course focusing on proposal writing.
ABOUT THE ORGANISATION
Fundación Con Vida is an environmental organisation with focus on social issues, biodiversity and knowledge dissemination. It has 25 years of experience in Colombia. Fundación Con Vida puts a focus on sustainability and is dedicated to generating social value through sustainable uses of natural resources.